Iceland is a country like no other. Where else will you find a country with 15 active volcanoes, 10,000 waterfalls, 800 hot springs, 11,500 square kilometers of glaciers, 1.000.000 puffins, exploding geysers, the Northern Lights and the Midnight Sun?

Iceland is also closer than you think. Reykjavík, Europe's northernmost capital, is closer to New York than Los Angeles and only 2-4 hours flying time from most major cities in Western Europe.

Iceland is Europe's second largest island (103,000 sq. km). The present population is approximately 320,000. More than half of the population lives in or around the capital, Reykjavík. The rest of the population is dispersed around the coastal fringes, leaving the highland center of the country uninhabited.

Iceland is Europe's youngest country, geologically speaking, and was also the last European country to be settled by man. On our unique island you will discover Mother Nature´s greatest contrasts; the perfect balance of fire and ice. Come to Iceland for the adventure of a lifetime.


The Icelandic monetary unit is the krona, which is abbreviated Kr or ISK. Money can be easily exchanged at the airport, bank and currency exchanges. All major credit cards are accepted and can be used to pay for virtually anything – except the public buses. Electron, Maestro and edc debit cards are increasingly being accepted by merchants. ATM/Bank machines are found in most banks and many other locations throughout the country. Look for the Hradbanki sign.


A passport valid is at least three months beyond intended stay, is required for visitors to Iceland. Travel between countries participating in the Schengen cooperation is allowed without formal passport control including Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Germany. For additional information on passport and visa requirements see Icelandic Directorate of Immigration website


There are medical centers or hospital in all major cities and towns in Iceland. The 24-hour emergency phone number in Iceland is 112. Pharmacies are called “Apotek” and are open during normal business hours


Citizens of Scandinavia have to show passport in case of medical emergency. Citizens of EEA countries must have the E-111 form, otherwise the patient will be charged in full. Citizens of other countries must be charged in full.


Vaccinations are not required.


Icelandic is the national language (links to Literary Heritage in Culture section) of Iceland. Most Icelanders (especially those from their teenage years through their fifties) speak fluent English. English and Danish are mandatory subjects in primary school, and many Icelanders are proficient in other major European languages as well, so most travelers find that communication is not a problem. 


The electric current in Iceland is 220 volts, 50 Hz AC. Icelandic electrical plugs are of the rounded, European two-pin type.


Iceland is a tech-savvy country with Internet access available almost everywhere including internet cafes in the larger cities and towns. Hotels and Guesthouses generally offer internet access and Wifi free of charge. Internet websites for businesses and organizations in Iceland end in the suffix “.is”.


All taxis accept credit cards and have to be reserved in advance. In some major cities and towns there are also taxi stations where you can line up to get a car. And there are of course taxi stands at airports for transfer. (Arriving in Iceland)


Value Added Tax in Iceland is 25.5% or 7% on special goods. A refund of the local VAT is available to visitors and will result in a reduction of up to 15% of the retail price provided departure from Iceland is within 30 days after the purchase is made. The purchased amount must be no less than ISK 4000, (VAT included) per sales receipt. Refunds can be collected in the departures hall of Keflavik International Airport.


Direct calls can be made to all parts of Iceland. The code into Iceland from overseas is +354 + seven-digit number. Direct long-distance calls can be made to Europe and the USA by dialling 00 plus the country code, and the telephone number you wish to reach.


Please note: Iceland's mobile phone system operates on the 900/1800 MHz frequencies. Some phones from North America (and parts of South America) may not work on this system as they operate on the 850/1900 MHz frequencies. However, a quad-band phone (850/900 /1800 /1900 MHz) will work. Pre-paid cards are available at petrol stations around the country. Cell phone rental is also available.


Iceland is actually warmer than its chilly name suggests. Warmed by the Gulf Stream, the Icelandic winters are relatively mild, with average temperatures in January about -0.2 °C and average summer temperatures of around 12-13 °C with highs occasionally reaching 25 °C.

Average temperatures by month:













The period of May through August provides long days with bright nights, and the midnight sun is especially prevalent in June.


Iceland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) throughout the year, and does not go on daylight saving time.


Service and VAT are invariably included in prices in Iceland. Tipping is not customary and therefore not expected.